The Junkers F 13

The F 13’s maiden flight in 1919 lasted 6 minutes. Apparently, most of its features were right from the very beginning. It was a low-wing cantilever monoplane with accommodation for four passengers in an enclosed cabin and an open cockpit for two crew members. The entire structure, including control surfaces, was covered by a corrugated duralumin skin and this form of construction proved extremely strong.

The open two-seat cockpit normally accommodated a pilot and a flight mechanic. The first F 13s were powered by 160hp Mercedes or 185hp BMW six-cylinder, four-stroke inline engines and it was a great credit to the designers that the aircraft could operate efficiently under such low power. Various other engines were fitted later, including radial engine types.

In all, total production of the Junkers F13 amounted to three prototypes and 345 series production aircraft during the period 1919-31 and they were sold and delivered to many countries all over the world.

Junkers F 13 operators

Germany and Afghanistan, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Czechoslovakia, Danzig, Denmark, Egypt, Estonia, Finland, France, Great Britain, Hungary, Iceland, Iran, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Mexico, Mongolia, New Guinea, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, South Africa, South-West Africa, Soviet Union, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the USA and Yemen.